Manual wood router: features of the tool and area of its application

From this article, you can find out what features the manual wood router has: the main types of tools, their capabilities and technical parameters, as well as how to choose plunge routers.

The text sets out recommendations that will not only help determine the choice of a suitable manual router but also effectively use it in practice.

Manual wood router: device and types of tools

Not only professional joiners are involved in wood carving. The capabilities of this tool will be useful for furniture makers and craftsmen finishers. The main purpose of the router is wood processing. Although many modern models are able to cope with other materials.

Consumers can buy a hand mill for processing:

  • stone of artificial origin.
  • plastic.
  • composite materials.
  • plexiglass.
  • non-ferrous metals.

The scope of this tool applies to the manufacture of decorative products and furniture made of wood, carpentry work. The crafts created by the hand mill look very impressive.

These unique products are widely used in everyday life. With the help of the wood router, the craftsmen make beautiful picture frames, jewelry boxes, children’s toys, decorative shelves, etc.

What can be done with a wood router:

  • a sample of quarters.
  • the formation of such structural parts as folds, grooves, spikes, slots.
  • profiling of the edge part (figured and straight).
  • formation of seats for the installation of fittings and locking mechanisms on the doors.
  • decorative wood carving with a router with corresponding nozzles.
  • making holes.
  • fitting of parts to be joined.
  • alignment of contours in a rough way.

When compared with other types of hand-held power tools, the router has the simplest design. No belts, gears, or other components are used to transmit torque. Nozzles for a tool are mounted directly on the spindle (electric motor shaft). At the expense of it, the set of the big turns is provided.

The body part of the electric router is called the “head”. It moves along guide rods, which are rigidly fixed on the supporting platform, down and up. When pressing the handle, the tool head goes down. If, however, to relieve pressure, the springs will again return the design to its previous position.

On a spindle, the wood router is fastened. For its fixing, the collet clamp is used. When there is a smooth immersion of the head in the material or wood, the depth is regulated by a special emphasis.

With further movement of the router in the horizontal direction, a groove is drilled using the sharp edges of the cutter.

Which is better to buy: tips on choosing

When selecting a router for the home workshop, it is desirable to pay attention to the technical parameters of the devices.

Main selection criteria:

  • power level.
  • wood carving depth by hand cutter (working stroke of the cutter).
  • additional functionality.
  • rotational spindle speed.
  • price of the product.